Milpirri Banner - MAMINGIRRI (Two Devils)

Milpirri Banner - MAMINGIRRI (Two Devils)


Mamingirri (two devils).  In this design the footprints are the tracks of the two devils. They were walking around the salt lake country in the Tanami Desert. They are two Warlpiri monsters.  Traditional owner (kirda) Gladys Tasman Napangardi (dec) used to describe them as two Warlpiri monsters/cannibals with skinny legs.  The Mamingirri have big teeth and were eating people and throwing their bones around. You can see their bones from the dreaming on east side of the Tanami track. When they killed people they would wrap the bodies into their waist bands and arm bands. They went underground and came out near the old gold mine at Windy Hill. One of the circles in the design is the Mamingirri site near Windy Hill.  The song for the Mamingirri is very dangerous, if kurdungurlu sing it they risk going mad.

See the salt lake country in the Tanami Desert where the Mamingirri walked around - Map  

See Windy Hill on Google earth which is a Mamingirri site - Map

Belonging to Skin Groups

Japangardi, Japanangka, Napangardi and Napanangka (Green Group)


Warrayarna is an important rockhole for Mamingirri.

Drawn By

In the development of this banner Victor Simons Jupurrula, then Henry Cook Jakamarra contributed drawings. The appropriate people to draw this design are the Tasman family or their Kurdungurlu. The final design was drawn by Jerry Jangala Patrick in September 2012.


Jerry Jangala Patrick

Families to learn more from in Lajamanu

Tasman and Johnson

One of the Traditional Owners is Lynette Tasman Napangardi. Lynette's place of birth is Yuendumu 1962, her language/tribe is Warlpiri and she lives at Lajamanu. Her country is Jirrparanpa, Kunajarraya and Parralya and her Dreamings are Wardapi, Yarla, Ngurlu and Ngayaki and Mamingirri. She paints her stepfather’s and mother’s Dreamings. Lynette’s father was a white man and to prevent the child being taken away, her mother, Molly Tasman, had to stand up to welfare and argue that she could bring up the child equally well herself. Lynette worked with Mary-Ann Tasman, her sister-in-law, and with her mother and started painting in 1986.  Lynette is a strong community-minded person.  She is often working for community based organisations such as world vision.  She is an expert interpreter and a key member of the Baptist church.


The word Mamingirri means “poor, dry country”

Further Reading

Tales of Warlpiri mythical monsters: read this link to learn about more about other Warlpiri mythical monsters by Chrstine Judith Nicholls (former Principal at Lajamanu school) - Story

Detecting Warlpiri monsters by bird sounds: an essay by anthropologist Yasmine Musharbash - Story

Bilingual Reader about Warlpiri spirits and monsters: Juju-patu-kurlu : Egan Nungarrayi, Jeannie, Ross Napaljarri, Kay, Brown Napanangka, Jean, Ross Napaljarri, Tess, Oldfield Napurrurla, Nancy and Morton Napurrula, Helen (1990). Juju-patu-kurlu. Yuendumu: Bilingual Resource Development Unit - Story


Drawings by Victor Simons Jupurrula and Henry Cook Jakamarra of the Mamingirri (two devils).
Lynette Napangardi Tasman in Milpirri 2007. She is one of the traditional owners for Mamingirri. (l-r) Judy (Nambia) Napangardi Martin, Lynette Napangardi Tasman, Anita Napangardi Johnson, Gloria Napangardi Dixon, Ursula Napangardi Marks, Renne Napangardi Dixon, Biddy Napangardi Raymond, Kathy Napanangka Wardle (Wave Hill), Tamara Napangardi Johnson. Photo Peter Eve.
Molly Napurrurla Tasman at Milpirri 2007. Molly is significant elder in Lajamanu and mother of Lynette Napangardi Tasman. Photo Peter Eve
Warrayarna is an important rockhole for Mamingirri here is a photo of that country. Photo Miles Holmes 2014
Warrayarna is an important rockhole for Mamingirri here a group of women are cleansing the area. Photo Miles Holmes

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